Birds In The Bible

owl

Who created the birds?

“And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.” Genesis 2:19.

  1. God formed every fowl (bird) of the air.

Before the birds were created what did God prepare for them?

“And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” Genesis 1:20.

  1. The open firmament – the sky

What type of food did God give to the bird to eat?

And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.” Genesis 1:30.

  1. Every green herb for meat (food)

Where the birds created like man and other animals?

“All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.” 1 Corinthians 15:39.

  1. No as it is written “All flesh is not the same…”

Who are to care for the birds?

“And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.” Genesis 1:26.

  1. Mankind is to have “dominion over” “the fowl of the air”

Though we are to care for the animals, who do they belong to?

“I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.” Psalms 50:11.

  1. They belong to God – “all the fowls of the mountains….are mine”

Who named the birds?

“And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.” Genesis 2:19-20.

  1. Adam

Who tames the birds?

“For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:” James 3:7.

  1. Mankind

By what other names are birds called in the Bible?

“Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.” Genesis 7:3.

  1. Fowls of the air

“Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven?” Job 35:11.

  1. Fowls of heaven

“And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.” Ezekiel 39:17.

  1. Feathered fowl

“The likeness of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air,” Deuteronomy 4:17.

  1. Winged fowl

Where do birds make their homes?

“And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.” Matthew 8:20.

  1. Nests

“Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.” Matthew 13:32.

  1. Lodge in branches

“Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.” Psalms 104:17.

  1. Storks make their homes in fir trees

“All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.” Ezekiel 31:6.

  1. In the branches of the foliage

“If a bird’s nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, thou shalt not take the dam with the young:” Deuteronomy 22:6.

  1. In trees and on the ground

“And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, Strong is thy dwellingplace, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock.” Numbers 24:21.

  1. In the rocks

“O ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove that maketh her nest in the sides of the hole’s mouth.” Jeremiah 48:28.

  1. Beyond the city in a hole

“Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.” Psalms 84:3.

  1. Finds shelter, then makes a nest

The things we learn when we observe the birds.

“But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee:” Job 12:7.

  1. To study the birds, that we may learn from them

“Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven? Job 35:11.

  1. Birds are wise, but God makes His people wiser

“Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?” Matthew 6:26.

  1. He created us in a greater degree than birds and we can learn of His great love and care for all

“The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment. Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye better than the fowls?” Luke 12:23-24.

  1. He supplies the birds though they do not sow or reap that we might know we are blessed

“Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird.” Proverbs 1:17.

  1. As birds watch for entrapments, so we must we

“As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from his place.” Proverbs 27:8

  1. Mankind is restless

“For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon.” Isaiah 16:2.

  1. Those who are restless will not find a home

“For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.” Ecclesiastes 9:12.

  1. Evil comes without notice so we must be careful

“Our soul is escaped as a bird out of the snare of the fowlers: the snare is broken, and we are escaped.” Psalms 124:7.

  1. We are free like a bird who escaped an evil one

“Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life.” Proverbs 7:23.

  1. Not until we are hurt we do not see the harm into entering a deadly trap

“Mine heritage is unto me as a speckled bird, the birds round about are against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.” Jeremiah 12:9.

  1. God’s children have enemies and are all around them, but God will prevail

“As birds flying, so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it.” Isaiah 31:5.

  1. The Lord cares for His residence and perserves it

“They shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of Assyria: and I will place them in their houses, saith the LORD.” Hosea 11:11.

  1. His people will learn to follow Him and He will provide for them though they tremble like a bird

At the end of the birds feet, what do you find?

“The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were grown like eagles’ feathers, and his nails like birds’ claws.” Daniel 4:33.

  1. Claws

What is a bird before it hatches?

“If a bird’s nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, thou shalt not take the dam with the young:” Deuteronomy 22:6.

  1. An egg

Before a bird hatches what does the parent bird do?

“As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool.” Jeremiah 17:11.

  1. Sits on the eggs

Birds – songs and singing.

“By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches.” Psalms 104:12.

  1. Birds sing in the branches

“And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daughters of musick shall be brought low;” Ecclesiastes 12:4.

  1. The voice of the bird causes people to pay attention

“The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;” Song of Solomon 2:12.

  1. The season of birds singing has come

What do most birds do?

“And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” Genesis 1:20.

  1. Fly above the earth in the sky

Many birds migrate.

“Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.” Jeremiah 8:7.

  1. The birds know the seasons

What do birds often do when there is suffering?

“I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled.” Jeremiah 4:25.

  1. Leave

“For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through them; neither can men hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.” Jeremiah 9:10.

  1. Leave

Where do birds often to rest?

“The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it was meat for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.” Daniel 4:12.

  1. In the (bough) branches

“Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.” Matthew 13:32.

What types of places do birds inhabit?

“I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine.” Psalms 50:11.

  1. Mountains

“I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert.” Psalms 102:6.

  1. Wilderness
  2. Desert

“I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.” Isaiah 14:23.

  1. Pools of water, swampland

“But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the line of confusion, and the stones of emptiness.” Isaiah 34:11.

  1. Abandoned cities

When were birds given as a human food source?

“And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered. Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.” Genesis 9:2-3.

  1. After the flood

After the flood, God gave permission to eat what types of birds?

“Of all clean birds ye shall eat.” Deuteronomy 14:11.

“But of all clean fowls ye may eat.” Deuteronomy 14:20.

    1. All birds which are clean.

Why did God allow the animals to be food?

      1. “As Noah looked upon the powerful beasts of prey that came forth with him from the ark, he feared that his family, numbering only eight persons, would be destroyed by them. But the Lord sent an angel to His servant with the assuring message: “The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered. Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.” Before this time God had given man no permission to eat animal food; He intended that the race should subsist wholly upon the productions of the earth; but now that every green thing had been destroyed. He allowed them to eat the flesh of the clean beasts that had been preserved in the ark.” Patriarchs and Prophets, 107:3.

Because the herbs, vegetables, grains, nuts, seeds, and fruits were destroyed in the flood.

      1. But what was it like before the flood? – “God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. . . . The earth also was corrupt before God; and the earth was filled with violence.” Ibid., 91:2.”They [antideluvians] delighted in destroying the life of animals; and the use of flesh for food rendered them still more cruel and bloodthirsty, They delighted in destroying the life of animals; and the use of flesh for food rendered them still more cruel and bloodthirsty, until they came to regard human life with astonishing indifference.” Ibid., 91:3.

Before the flood people destroyed life and used flesh for food without God’s permission as eating flesh food caused them to be more cruel and bloodthirsty.

Birds which we were told not to eat

“You are therefore to make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean; and you shall not make yourselves detestable by animal or by bird or by anything that creeps on the ground, which I have separated for you as unclean.” Leviticus 20:25

  1. Unclean

How did the birds react to mankind after they were available to be part of our meals?

“And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.” Genesis 9:2.

  1. Fear and dread of mankind

What part of the clean birds were we commanded not to eat?

“Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings.” Leviticus 7:26.

“It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all your dwellings, that ye eat neither fat nor blood.” Leviticus 3:17.

  1. No blood, in any condition
  2. No fat. Why? “…all the fat is the LORD’S.” Leviticus 3:16.

How long were birds (and other flesh food) to be part of the diet after the flood?

“But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.” Genesis 9:4-6.

  1. Noah and his family were not permitted to eat the blood of the animals.
  2. After the vegetation returned for their needs mankind would no longer require fish (and other flesh foods).
  3. “God gave them flesh-meats, as they desired, and let them suffer the results of gratifying their lustful appetites.”

But why were they told not to eat the blood? The blood is what gives life ” For it is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off.” Leviticus 17:14. And God would demand responsibilty for the death of every living creature which mankind killed with his own hand.

Why did the Israelites receive a list of clean and unclean birds (and other flesh foods)?

“But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.” Psalms 106:14.

“In this instance the Lord gave the people that which was not for their best good, because they would have it. They would not submit to receive from the Lord only those things which would prove for their good. They gave themselves up to seditious murmurings against Moses, and against the Lord, because they did not receive those things which would prove an injury to them. Their depraved appetites controlled them, and God gave them flesh-meats, as they desired, and let them suffer the results of gratifying their lustful appetites. Burning fevers cut down very large numbers of the people. Those who had been the most guilty in their murmurings, were slain as soon as they tasted the meat for which they had lusted. If they had submitted to have the Lord select their food for them, and had been thankful, and satisfied with food of which they could eat freely without injury, they would not have lost the favor of God, and then been punished for their rebellious murmurings, by great numbers of them being slain.” Vol. 1, Spirit of Prophecy, pp. 284-285, [CD 377:3]

Unclean Birds of the Bible

“But these are they of which ye shall not eat: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the osprey, And the glede, and the kite, and the vulture after his kind, And every raven after his kind, And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckoo, and the hawk after his kind, The little owl, and the great owl, and the swan, And the pelican, and the gier eagle, and the cormorant, And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. And every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you: they shall not be eaten.” Deuteronomy 14:12-19.

“And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, And the vulture, and the kite after his kind; Every raven after his kind; And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.” Leviticus 11:13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.

“There is a path which no fowl knoweth, and which the vulture’s eye hath not seen:” Job 28:7.

“I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls.” Job 30:29.

“Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?” Job 39:13

“Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on high?” Job 39:27.

“I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert.” Psalms 102:6.

“Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.” Psalms 104:17.

“I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.” Isaiah 14:23.

“But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the line of confusion, and the stones of emptiness.” Isaiah 34:11.”

“There shall the great owl make her nest, and lay, and hatch, and gather under her shadow: there shall the vultures also be gathered, every one with her mate.” Isaiah 34:15.

“For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.” 1 Kings 10:22.

  1. cuckoo
  2. Eagle
  3. Osprey
  4. Gleded
  5. Kite
  6. Vulture (after his kind
  7. Raven (after his kind
  8. Owl
  9. Night Hawk
  10. Hawk (after his kind
  11. Little Owl
  12. Swan
  13. Pelican
  14. Gier Eagle
  15. Cormorant
  16. Stork
  17. Heron (after her kind)
  18. Lapwing
  19. Bat
  20. Peacocks
  21. Ostrich
  22. Bittern
  23. and every creeping things that flies

If we eat these birds, what does God say it is to us?

“And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,” Leviticus 11:13.

  1. An abomination which means a vile, shameful, or detestable action, habit.

Birds and what they eat

“And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:”Matthew 13:4.

  1. Seeds

“And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.” Genesis 15:11.

  1. Carcases

“Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.” Genesis 40:19.

  1. Flesh

“And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away.” Deuteronomy 28:26

  1. Carcase

Before God provided instruction to the Isrealites, Noah understood the difference between clean and unclean birds as we read in Genesis 8:20 “And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.”

List of Some Clean Birds

“Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground;” Genesis 8:8.

“And two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, such as he is able to get; and the one shall be a sin offering, and the other a burnt offering.” Leviticus 14:22.

“The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;” Song of Solomon 2:12.

“And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD be of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.” Leviticus 1:14.

“And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest:” Leviticus 12:6.

“I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.” Exodus 16:12-13.

“Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.” Matthew 10:29-31.

“Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God.” Psalms 84:3.

“Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with looking upward: O LORD, I am oppressed; undertake for me.” Isaiah 38:14.

“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, tho u that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!” Matthew 23:37.

“Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.” 1 Samuel 26:20.

“As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool.” Jeremiah 17:11.

  1. Dove
  2. Turtledoves
  3. Pigeons
  4. Quails
  5. Sparrows
  6. Chickens
  7. Partridge
  8. Crane

What birds were offered as sacrifice?

“And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.” Genesis 8:20.

“And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD be of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.” Leviticus 1:14.

  1. Clean Fowls
    1. Turtledoves
    2. Pigeons

Because of sin birds have often suffered.

“And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.” Genesis 6:7.

  1. Man sinned and many birds were destroyed

“How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end.” Jeremiah 12:4.

  1. Because of our sins birds are killed

We are not to make images, figures or likenesses of birds.

“Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, The likeness of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air,” Deuteronomy 4:16. 17.

  1. No image or likeness of any bird is to be made